Schools and Conflict Resolution
For more resources, see The Conflict Resolution Education Connection. Also see Marsha S. Blakeway's Conflict Resolution Education Research and Evaluation Bibliography and the Province of Manitoba's 2011 bibliography Conflict Resolution Safe Schools (pdf). Also see links to peace education organizations.
Ahmed, E. "Shame management and bullying: Variability over time." In B. Morrison From Bully to Responsible Citizenship: A Restorative Approach to Building Safe School Communities. Unpublished manuscript held by Australian Institute of Criminology, PDF document at http://www.crj.anu.edu.au/school.pubs.html.
Amstutz, Lorraine Stutzman, and Judy H. Mullet. The Little Book of Restorative Discipline for Schools: Teaching Responsibility; Creating Caring Climates. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 2005.
Anderson, G.L. "Toward Authentic Participation: Deconstructing the Discourses of Participatory Reforms in Education." American Educational Research Journal 35(4) (1998): 571-603.
Artz, Sybille. Sex, Power and the Violent Schoolgirl. Toronto: Trifolium Books Inc., 1997.
Atlas, R., and D.J. Pepler. "Observations of Bullying in the Classroom," American Journal of Educational Research 92 (1998): 86-99.
Bettmann, E. H., and P. Moore, P. "Conflict Resolution Programs and Social Justice." Education and Urban Society 27(1) (1994):11-21.
Bey, Theresa M., and Gwendolyn Y. Turner. Making School A Place of Peace. Thousand Oaks CA: Sage (Corwin Press Inc), 1996.
Bodine, Richard J., and Donna K. Crawford. The Handbook of Conflict Resolution Education: A Guide to Building Quality Programs in Schools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1998. read a review.
Beck, E. M., and Michael Betz. "A Comparative Analysis of Organizational Conflict in Schools." Sociology of Education 48 (1) (Winter, 1975): 59-74.
Bodine, R., D. Crawford, D., and F. Schrumpf. Creating the Peaceable School: A Comprehensive Program for Teaching Conflict Resolution. Champaign, IL: Research Press, 1994.
Boler, Megan, and Michalinos Zembylas. "Discomforting Truths: The Emotional Terrain of Understanding Difference." In Pedagogies of Difference: Rethinking Education for Social Change, edited by P.P. Trifonas, 110-. New York: RoutledgeFalmer, 2003.
Braithwaite, Valerie. "Values and Restorative Justice in Schools." In Restorative Justice: Philosophy in Practice, edited by H. Strang and J. Braithwaite. Burlington, USA: Ashgate, 2002. PDF document at http://www.crj.anu.edu.au/school.pubs.html
Bryant, K. B. "Conflict Resolution Strategies in Relation to Children's Peer Relations." Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology. 13(1) (1992): 35-50.
Cameron, L., and M. Thorsborne. "Restorative Justice and School Discipline: Mutually Exclusive?" In Restorative Justice and Civil Society, edited by J. Braithwaite, and H. Strang, 180-94. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2001.
Carlisson-Paige, N., and D.E. Levin. "Making Peace in Violent Times: A Constructivist Approach to Conflict Resolution." Young Children 48(1) (1992): 4-13.
Cavoukian, Raffi, and Sharna Olfman, eds. Child Honouring: How to Turn This World Around. Westport CT: Praeger Publishers, 2006.
Claassen-Wilson, D. "Creating Alternatives to Punitive Discipline. The Fourth R 92 (August-October 2000).
Coleman, Peter T. "Conflict Resolution at Multiple Levels Across the Lifespan: The Work of the ICCCR." Theory Into Practice 43 (1) (Winter 2004): 31-38.
Coleman, Peter and Morton Deutsch. "Introducing Cooperation and Conflict Resolution into Schools: A Systems Approach." In Peace, Conflict, and Violence: Peace Psychology for the 21st Century, edited by Daniel J. Christie, Richard V. Wagner, and Deborah DuNann Winter. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2001.
Coloroso, Barbara. The Bully, the Bullied, and the Bystander: From Pre-School to High School: How Parents and Teachers Can Help Break the Cycle of Violence Toronto: Harper Collins, 2002.
Community Justice Initiatives and the Langley School District #35. Conversation Peace: Restorative Action in Secondary Schools. trainer manual & video kit, student workbook. Langley, BC: Community Justice Initiatives and the Langley School District #35, 2005.
Council of Ministers of Education, Canada, in collaboration with the Canadian Commission for UNESCO. Education for Peace, Human Rights, Democracy: International Understanding and Tolerance. Report of Canada. Ottawa: The Council of Ministers of Education, Canada in collaboration with the Canadian Commission for UNESCO, October 2001.
DeJong, W. "School-based Violence Prevention: from the Peaceable School to the Peaceable Neighborhood." NIDR Forum, 25 (Spring, 1994): 8-18.
Deutsch, M. "Conflict Resolution and Cooperative Learning in an Alternative High School. Cooperative Learning 13(4) (1993):2-5.
Deutsch, M. "Educating for a Peaceful World." American Psychologist 48(3) (1993): 510-17.
Deutsch, M. Education for a Peaceful World. Amherst, MA: National Association for Mediation in Education, 1991.
Deutsch, M. et al. The effects of training in cooperative learning and conflict resolution in an alternative high school. New York: Teachers College, International Center for Cooperation and Conflict Resolution, 1992.
Drewery, Wendy. "Conferencing in Schools: Punishment, Restorative Justice, and the Productive Importance of the Process of Conversation." Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology 14 (5) (September/October 2004): 332-344.
Edwards, B. and Algozzine, B. "Learning to Share Decision-Making in Total Quality School." Planning and Changing 26 (3-4) (1995): 204-215.
Edwards, Constance L. "Qualifications of Dispute Resolution Practitioners in Education. In Qualifications for Dispute Resolution: Perspectives on the Debate, edited by Catherine Morris and Andrew Pirie, 51-64. Victoria, B.C.: UVic Institute for Dispute Resolution, 1994.
Farrell, Albert, Aleta Meyers, and Kamilia White. "Evaluation of Responding in Peaceful and Positive Ways (RIPP): A School-Based Prevention Program for Reducing Violence Among Urban Adolescents." Journal of Community Psychology 30 (4) (2001): 451-63.
Fine, Nic, and Fiona Macbeth. Fireworks: Creative Approaches to Conflict: Materials for Use With Young People. Leicester, UK: National Youth Agency, 1993. Read a review.
Fine, Nic, and Fiona Macbeth. Playing with Fire: Training for the Creative Use of Conflict. Leicester, UK: National Youth Agency, 1992. Read a review.
Fitzell, Susan Gingras. Free the Children: Conflict Education for Strong and Peaceful Minds Gabriola Island, BC: New Society Publishers, 1997
Firester, Lee, and Joan Firester. "Wanted: Rx for the Equitable Management of Parent-School Conflict." The Elementary School Journal 70 (5) (February, 1970): 239-243.
Forcey, Linda Rennie, and Ian M. Harris, eds. Peacebuilding for Adolescents: Strategies for Educators and Community Leaders. New York: Peter Lang, 1999.
Fredericks, Linda, and the Colorado School Mediation Project. Using Stories to Prevent Violence and Promote Cooperation : Colorado School Mediation Project (CSMP), 1996.
*Freire, P. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. New York: Seabury Press, 1970.
Fullan, Michael, and Andy Hargreaves. What's Worth Fighting For? Working Together For Your School. Toronto: Ontario Public School Teachers' Federation, 1991.
Garrity, Carla, et al. Bully-Proofing Your School: A Comprehensive Approach. Longmount, Colorado: Sopris West, 1998.
Girard, K., and S. Koch. Conflict Resolution in the Schools: A Manual for Educators. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, Inc., 1996.
Goldstein, Tara, and David Selby, eds. Weaving Connections: Educating for Peace, Social and Environmental Justice. Toronto: Sumach Press, 2000.
Gordon, Mary. "Roots of Empathy: Responsive Parenting, Caring Societies." The Keio Journal of Medicine 52 (4)(2003): available at http://www.kjm.keio.ac.jp/past/52/4/236.pdf.
Greene, Michael B. "Youth Violence in the City: The Role of Educational Interventions." Health Education and Behavior 25(2)(April 1998): 175-193.
Hessler, R. M., S. Hollis, and Crowe, C. "Peer Mediation: a Qualitative Study of Youthful Frames of Power and Influence." Mediation Quarterly, 15 (1998): 187-198.
Human Rights Watch. Scared at School: Sexual Violence Against Girls in South African Schools. New York: Human Rights Watch, 2001.
Johnson, David W., and Roger T. Johnson. "Conflict Resolution and Peer Mediation Programs in Elementary and Secondary Schools: Review of the Research." Review of Educational Research 66 (1996): 459-506.
Johnson, David W., and Roger T. Johnson. Cooperation and competition: Theory and research. Edina, MN: Interaction Book Company, 1989.
Johnson, David W., and Roger T. Johnson. Creative conflict. Minneapolis: Cooperative Learning Center, 1987.
Johnson, David W., and Roger T. Johnson. Creative controversy: Intellectual Challenge in the Classroom. 3rd ed. Edina, MN: Interaction Book Company, 1995.
Johnson, David W., and Roger T. Johnson. "Implementing the "Teaching Students to be Peacemakers Program." Theory Into Practice 43 (1) (Winter 2004): 68-79.
Johnson, David W., and Roger T. Johnson. Teaching Students to be Peacemakers. Edina, MN: Interaction Book Company, 1995.
Johnson, David W., and Roger T. Johnson. "Why Violence Prevention Programs Don't Work - and What Does." Educational Leadership 20 (1995): 63-68.
Johnson, David W., and Roger T. Johnson. "The socialization and achievement crisis: Are cooperative learning experiences the solution?" In Applied social psychology annual 4, edited by L. Beckman. Beverly Hills: Sage, 1983.
Johnson, D. W., R.T. Johnson, and B. Dudley. "Effects of Peer Mediation Training on Elementary School Students." Mediation Quarterly 10 (1) (1992): 89-99.
Johnson, D.W., et al. "Effects of Conflict Resolution Training on Elementary School Students." Journal of Social Psychology 134 (1994): 803-817.
Johnson, D.W., et al. "The Impact of Peer Mediation Training on the Management of School and Home Conflicts." American Educational Research Journal 232 (1995) 829-844.
Johnson, D.W. et al. "The Impact of Conflict Resolution Training on Middle School Students." Journal of Social Psychology 137 (1997) 11-21.
Johnson, D.W., et al. "Training Elementary School Students to Manage Conflict." Journal of Social Psychology 135 (1995): 673-686.
Johnson, D.W., Johnson, R.T., & Holubec, E.J. Circles of Learning: Cooperation in the Classroom, 3rd edition. Edina, MN: Interaction Book Company, 1993.
Jones, Randal E. "Teacher Participation in Decision Making - Its Relationship to Staff Morale and Student Achievement." Education 118 (1) 76-82.
Jones, Tricia, and Randy Compton, eds. Kids Working It Out, Stories and Strategies for Making Peace in Our Schools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2002.
Jones, T.S., et al. Preliminary Final Resport of the Comprehensive Peer Mediation Evaluation Proect. Report for the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. Philadelphia: College of Allied Health Professions, Temple University, 1997.
Jones, T.S., and D. Kmitta, eds. Does it Work? The Case for Conflict Resolution in Our Nation's Schools. Washington, DC: Conflict Resoltuion Education Network, 2000.
Kaplan, N. M. "Mediation in the School System: Facilitating the Development of Peer Mediation Programs." In Mediation and Conflict Resolution in Social Work and the Human Services, edited by E. Kruk. Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 1997.
Kreidler, William J. Conflict Resolution in the Middle School. Cambridge, MA: Educators for Social Responsibility, 1996.
Kreidler, W.J. Conflict Resolution in the Middle School: A Curriculum and Teaching Guide. Cambridge, MA: Educators for Social Responsibility, 1997.
Kreidler, William J. Creative Conflict Resolution: More than 200 Activities for Keeping Peace in the Classroom-K-6. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman, 1984.
Kreidler, William J. Teaching Conflict Resolution Through Children's Literature. New York: Scholastic Professional Books, 1994.
Lam, J. The Impact of Conflict Resolution Programs on Schools: A Review and Synthesis of the Evidence. Second Edition. Amherst, MA: National Association for Mediation in Education, 1989.
Lam, Julie. The Mediation Program Evaluation Kit. Amherst, MA: National Association for Mediation in Education, 1989.
Lane, P. S. et al. "A Peer Mediation Model: Conflict Resolution for Elementary and Middle School Children." Elementary School Guidance and Counseling 27(1) (1992): 15-22.
Lantieri, Linda, and Janet Patti. Waging Peace in our Schools. Boston : Beacon Press, 1996.
Leach, Fiona. "School-Based Gender Violence in Africa: a Risk to Adolescent Sexual Health." Perspectives in Education 20(2)(2002): 99-112.
Leonard, Pauline, and Lawrence Leonard. "Do Educators Value Collaboration? Confronting the Assumption." The Administrator 31(1) (1999): 29-34.
Leonard, Pauline. "Understanding the Dimensions of School Culture: Value Orientations and Value Conflicts." Journal of Educational Administration and Foundations 13(2) (1998): 27-53.
Levy, J. "Conflict Resolution in Elementary and Secondary Education." Mediation Quarterly 7(1) (1989): 73-87.
Lieber, Carol Miller, with Linda Lantieri, and Tom Roderick. Conflict Resolution in the High School: 36 Lessons. Cambridge, MA: Educators for Social Responsibility, 1998.
Lieber, C., and J. Rogers. "Challenging Beliefs and Bureaucracies in an Urban School System." Education and Urban Society 27(1) (1994): 45-70.
Lynch, R. The effects of training in cooperative learning and conflict resolution in an alternative high school. New York: Teachers College, International Center for Cooperation and Conflict Resolution, 1992.
Macbeth, Fiona, and Nic Fine. Playing With Fire. Philadelphia, PA and Gabriola Island, BC: New Society Publishers, l995. Read a review.
Manitoba Education, Training and Youth Instructional Resources Unit (Library). Conflict Resolution: Safe Schools: A Bibliography. Winnipeg: Manitoba Education, Training and Youth Instructional Resources Unit (Library), June 2011. Available at http://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/k12/iru/library_publications/bibliographies/conflict_resolution_2011_06.pdf
Maryama, G. "Lewin's Impact on Education: Instilling Cooperation and Conflict Management Skills in School Children." Journal of Social Issues 48(2) (1992): 155-166.
Mathur, S. R., and R.D. Rutherford. (1991). "Peer-Mediated Interventions Promoting Social Skills of Children and Youth With Behavioral Disorders." Education and Treatment of Children 14(3) (1991): 227-242.
Maxwell, J. P. "Mediation in the Schools: Self-regulation, Self-esteem, and Self-discipline." Mediation Quarterly 7(2) (1989) 149-155.
McClure, B. A., G.A. Miller, and T.J. Russo. "Conflict Within a Children's Group: Suggestions for Facilitating its Expression and Resolution Strategies." The School Counselor 39(3) (1992): 268-272.
Messing, J.K. "Conflict Resolution on the Elementary School Level." In Annual Review of Conflict Knowledge and Conflict Resolution, Vol. 3, edited by L.S. Bowen and J.B. Gittler. New York: Garland, 1991.
Metis Associates, Inc. The Resolving Conflict Creatively Program: 1988-1989. Summary of Significant Findings. New York: Metic Associates, Inc. 1990.
Miller, S., J. Brodine, and T. Miller, eds. Safe By Design: Planning for Peaceful School Communities. Seattle, WA: Committee for Children, 1996.
Moore, D.B. "Pride, Shame and Empathy Among Peers: Community Conferencing as Transformative Justice in Education." In Children's Peer Relations, edited by K. Rigby, and P. Slee. London: Routledge, 1998.
Morrison, Brenda E. "Regulating Safe School Communities: Being Responsive and Restorative." Journal of Educational Administration 41 (6) (2003): 689-704.
Morrison, Brenda. "Restorative Justice and School Violence: Building Theory and Practice." In Violence in Schools and Public Policies, edited by E. Debarbieux, and C. Blaya. Youth Violence and Social Exclusion Series. Paris: Elsevier, 2002. Paper available online at http://crj.anu.edu.au/pubs.bm.restorativebuilding.pdf
Morse, P. S., and Andrea, R. "Peer Mediation in the Schools: Teaching Conflict Resolution Techniques to Students." NAASP Bulletin 78(560) (1994): 75-82.
National Association for Mediation in Education (Name). Initiating Conflict Resolution in Schools: Teaching Skills for Effective, Non-violent Problem Solving. Amherst, MA: NAME, 1994.
National Institute for Dispute Resolution (NIDR). "Survey of Schools Dispute Resolution Programs Across the Country." NIDR News 1(7) (1994): 6-9.
Ombudsman of British Columbia. Fair Schools. Public Report No. 35. Victoria, B.C.: Ombudsman of B.C., 1995.
Opotow, S. "Adolescent Peer Conflicts: Implications for Students and for Schools." Education and Urban Society 23 (1991): 416-441.
Prestine, Nona A. "Shared Decision Making in Restructuring Essential School: The Roles of the Principal. Planning and Changing 22(3-4) (1991): 160-177.
Raider, E. "Conflict Resolution Training in Schools: Translating Theory in Applied Skills." In Conflict, Cooperation, and Justice: Essays Inspired by the Work of Morton Deutsch, edited by B.C. Bunker, J. Rubin, and Associates. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1995.
Robinson, G., and B. Maines. Crying for Help: The No Blame Approach to Bullying. Bristol: Lucky Duck Publishing, 1997.
Roderick, T. "Johnny Can Learn to Negotiate." Educational Leadership 45 (1987-88): 87-89.
Roher, Eric M. An Educators Guide to Violence in Schools. Aurora, ON: Canada Law Book, 1997.
Roland, E., and E. Munthe, eds. Bullying: An International Perspective. London: David Fulton, 1989.
Sandy, Sandra V. "Conflict Resolution Education in the Schools: 'Getting There'," Conflict Resolution Quarterly 19(2) (Winter 2001): 237-50.
Sarason, S.B. The Predictable Failure of Educational Reform. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1990.
Schmidt, F., A. Friedman, A., and J. Marvel, J. Mediation for Kids: Kids and Dispute Resolution. Miami, FL: Peace Education Foundation, Inc., 1992.
Schoem, D., and Hurtado, S., eds. Intergroup Dialogue: Deliberative Democracy in School, College, Community, and Workplace. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2001. Read a review.
Schonert-Reichl, K.A., V. Smith, and A. Zaidman-Zait. Effects of the "Roots of Empathy" program on children's emotional and social competence. Unpublished Manuscript. Vancouver: University of British Columbia, 2002.
Schrumpf, F., Crawford, D., & Usadel, H.. Peer Mediation: Conflict Resolution in Schools. Champaign, IL: Research Press, 1997.
Sorenson, D. L. Conflict Resolution and Mediation for Peer Helpers. Minneapolis: Educational Media Corporation, 1992.
Stevahn, Laurie. "Integrating Conflict Resolution Training Into the Curriculum." Theory Into Practice 43 (1) (2004): 50-58.
Stevahn, Laurie, et al. "Effects of Conflict Resolution Training Integrated into a High School Social Studies Curriculum." Journal of Social Psychology 142(3) (2002) 305-331.
Stevahn, Laurie, D.W. Johnson, R.T. Johnson, and D. Real. "The Impact of a Cooperative of Individualistic Context on the Effectiveness of Conflict Resolution Training." American Educational Research Journal 33 (1996) 801-823.
Stevahn, Laurie, et al. "Effects on High School Students of Integrating Conflict Resolution and Peer Mediation Training into an Academic Unit." Mediation Quarterly 14(1) (1996) 21-35.
Storey, Vernon J. Parent-School Conflict. Victoria, B.C.: University of Victoria Institute for Dispute Resolution, 1990. Read a review.
Amstutz Stutzman, Lorraine, and Judy H. Mullet. The Little Book of Restorative Discipline for Schools: Teaching Responsibility; Creating Caring Climates. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 2005.
Townley, A., and M. Lee. (1993). Training for Trainers: Staff Development in Conflict Resolution Skills. Amherst, MA: National Association for Mediation in Education, 1994.
Ury, William L. Must We Fight? From the Battlefield to the Schoolyard - A New Perspective on Violent Conflict. New York: Jossey-Bass, 2002.
Van Slyck, M., and M. Stern. "Conflict Resolution in Education Settings: Assessing the Impact of Peer Mediation Programs." In The Art and Science of Community Mediation: A Handbook for Practitioners and Researchers, edited by K. Duffy, P. Olczak, and J. Grosch, 257-276. NY: Guilford Press, 1991.
Webster, D.W. "The Unconvincing Case for School-Based Conflict Resolution Programs for Adolescents." Health Affairs 12 (1993) 126-40.
Webster, L. "Conflict Mediation in the Secondary Schools." In Annual Review of Conflict Knowledge and Conflict Resolution, Vol.14, edited by L.S. Bowen and J.B. Gittler. New York: Garland, 1991.
Weiss, C.H. "Shared Decision Making About What? A Comparison of Schools with and without Teacher Participation. Teacher's College Record 95(1) (1993): 69-92.
Weiss, C.H., J. Cambone, and A. Wyeth. "Trouble in Paradise: Teacher Conflicts in Shared Decision Making. Educational Administration Quarterly 28(3) (1992): 350-367.
Wheeler, Terrence. Conflict Management in Schools: Sowing Seeds for a Safer Society: Final Report of the School Conflict Management Demonstration Project 1990-1993. Columbus, OH: Ohio Commission on Dispute Resolution and Conflict Management, 24th Floor, 1995. Read an annotation.
Zarzour, Kim. The Schoolyard Bully: How to Cope with Conflict and Raise an Assertive Child. Toronto: HarperCollins, 1994.
Conflict Transformation and Peacebuilding: A Selected Bibliography (formerly Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding: A Selected Bibliography). Copyright 1997-2008 Catherine Morris. All rights reserved.